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Mainstreaming and Adaptation to Climate Change (MACC)

The Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change (MACC) project was implemented from 2004 to 2007 by the World Bank, with funding of USD $5 million from GEF. The executing agency was the CARICOM Secretariat located in Georgetown, Guyana. In-kind participants included the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States of America through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

The project’s main objective was to mainstream climate change adaptation strategies into the sustainable development agendas of the small island and low-lying states of CARICOM. MACC adopted a learning-by-doing approach to capacity building, consolidating the achievements of CPACC and ACCC. It built on the progress achieved in these past projects by furthering institutional capacity, strengthening the knowledge base, and deepening awareness and participation.

The participating countries were: Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago.

MACC had five major components. These components are:

  1. Building capacity to identify climate change risks – Among other things, this included strengthening networks to monitor impacts on regional climate, downscaling global climate models, and developing impact scenarios;
  2. Building capacity to reduce vulnerability to climate change;
  3. Building capacity to effectively access and utilize resources to minimize the costs of climate change;
  4. Public education and outreach; and
  5. Project management.


As MACC sought to build capacity in a cost-effective way, the outcomes of this project included a full set of deliverables which are monitored, evaluated and published. This contributes to the long-term sustainability of project activities and objectives, since participant countries are able to benefit from the project even when it is completed.

Additionally, the capacity to formulate a regional addenda and adaptation strategy to climate change was developed at the regional level. Outcomes fall under three general themes, including:

  • The mainstreaming of adaptation to climate change into national and sectoral planning and policies through the use of climate models developed and customized through the project;
  • A strong public education and outreach (PEO) program and a comprehensive communications strategy including all stakeholders in the Caribbean mass media; and
  • The creation of an environment conducive to the implementation of measures for adaptation to climate change.

Selected project reports and products

  • Vulnerability and Capacity Assessments

Pulwarty, R. and Hutchinson, N., 2008: Vulnerability and capacity assessment methodology: A guidance manual for the conduct and mainstreaming of climate change vulnerability and capacity assessments in the Caribbean. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

Jamaica Water Resources Authority, 2008: Vulnerability and capacity assessment: Southern Clarendon pilot project Jamaica. Final Report. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

Guyana Sugar Corporation, 2009: Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment: Impacts of Climate Change on Guyana`s Agriculture Sector. Final Report. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

Belize Enterprise for Sustainable Technology (BEST), 2009: The Vulnerability of Water Resources to Climate Change in the North Stann Creek Watershed in Belize. Final Report. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

Joslyn, Ottis, 2008: Pilot Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment Study Final Report St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Final Report. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

Robertson, A., Cumberbatch, J., Hutchinson, N., Rowe, A., Walling, L., 2008: Climate Change and Tourism in Barbados: "An Assesment of the Perceptions of Climate Change Risk and Adaptation Capacities in the Tourism Sector in Speightstown.". Final Report. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

  • Health

Taylor, M., Chen, A., Bailey, W., 2009: Review of Health Effects of Climate Variability and Climate Change in the Caribbean. Final Report. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

  • National Adaptation Strategies

Belize Enterprise for Sustainable Technology (BEST), 2009: National Adaptation Strategy to address Climate Change in the water sector in Belize: Strategy and action plan. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

Belize Enterprise for Sustainable Technology (BEST), 2008: National Integrated Water Resource Management Policy (Including Climate Change) For Belize. Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment, Belmopan, Belize

Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies, University of the West Indies, Barbados, 2009: National Adaptation Strategy to Address Climate Change Tourism Sector in Barbados: Strategy and Action Plan. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies, University of West Indies, Barbados, 2009: National Adaptation Strategy to address Climate Change Tourism Sector in Barbados: Synthesis of the Technical Reports . Technical Report. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

Development Policy and Management Consultants, 2009: National Adaptation Strategy to address Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector of Guyana: Strategy and Action Plan. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

Development Policy and Management Consultants, 2009: National Adaptation Strategy to address Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector of Guyana: Synthesis and Assessment Report. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

ESL Management Solutions Ltd., 2009: Development of a National Water Sector Adaptation Strategy to Address Climate Change Change in Jamaica. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

ESL Management Solutions Ltd., 2009: Development of a National Water Sector Adaptation Strategy to Address Climate Change in Jamaica: Strategy and Plan of Action. Final Report. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan

ESL Management Solutions Ltd., 2009: Climate Change Adaptation Strategies Synthesized National Sector Reports Belize, Jamaica, Barbados, Guyana. Second Draft. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

  • Coral Reefs

Creary, M., 2006: Coral Reef Monitoring for Climate Change Impacts: Jamaica 2001-2003. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

Creary, M., 2008: Coral Reef Monitoring for the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States and Tobago: Status of the Coral Reefs. Final Report. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

Creary, M., 2009: Coral Reef Monitoring for the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States and Tobago Year 2: Status of the Coral Reefs. Final Report. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

Bowden-Kirby, A. and Carne, L., 2009: Strengthening Coral Reef Resilience to Climate Change Impacts - Phase One Final Project Report. Final Report. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

  • Education and Outreach

Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change (MACC) Project, 2005: Climate Change Handbook for Caribbean Journalists. Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, Belmopan, Belize

 

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